Bee Balm: Spotted (Monarda punctata)
Starting Bee Balm Seeds
Also Known As: Horsemint, Spotted Beebalm, Bee Balm.
Ease of Growing: Easy
Grown as: Biennial
Maturity (Blooms): June to July
Light: Full sun to part shade
Water: Dry to medium
Soil moisture: Dry.
Attracts Beneficial Insects?: Yes. Bees, Butterflies, and Hummingbirds as well as resisting Deer.
Containers?: Yes. you need a container with adequate drainage for healthy plant growth. Pot up your beebalm plant with a good potting mix, either a regular commercial type or one with equal amounts of sand, peat, and perlite mixed in.
Sow Depth: On soil surface
USDA Zone: 4a-10b
Produces: Small, pale yellow flowers that are spotted with purple, and rest above colorful palettes of soft pink leaves.
Garden Uses: Perennial borders, cottage gardens, meadows, wild gardens and herb gardens. Also effective in containers. Interesting addition to butterfly gardens.
Starting Bee Balm Seeds Indoors for Spring
Transplanting Bee Balm Seedlings Outdoors for Spring
Starting Bee Balm Seeds Outdoors for Spring
Bee balm attracts hummingbirds with its red and pink blossoms and its tubular flowers that are naturally suited for a hummingbird's long beak. Other similar flowers include Western columbine (Aquilegia formosa), with red and yellow flowers, or silver sage (Salvia argentea), with white flowers tinged with red. Both companions also thrive in full sun or partial shade in USDA plant hardiness zones 5b through 10b.
As a member of the mint family, bee balm leaves have a minty smell and make a pleasant, herbal tea. Bee balm adds color and height to an herb garden and should be planted near the center of the garden surrounded by your preference of shorter herbs grown as annuals, such as basil, thyme, chives and parsley. Add a perennial herb such as rosemary in USDA plant hardiness zones 7a through 11 for year-round interest in the garden bed.
Also grown in full sun in USDA plant hardiness zones 4 through 11, bright yellow daylilies would work well planted in the same garden bed with the warm colors of bee balm. For a contrasting accent, midnight blue agapanthus (Agapanthus x "Monmid") adds the cool-blue color in USDA plant hardiness zones 7b through 11.
As a 6- to 8-inch ground cover growing around the base of bee balm, the light green leaves and multiple flowers of dwarf annual phlox (Phlox drummondii) thrive in USDA plant hardiness zones 5a through 11 and come in a variety of colors. The blue-gray leaves of the perennial blue oat grass (Helictotrichon sempervirens) contrast nicely in both shape and color with bee balm. Blue oat grass thrives in USDA plant hardiness zones 5b through 10b.
Strawflower (Helichrysum bracteatum)
The original strawflower comes from Australia, where it still grows wild as a native species. The first botanical records of the strawflower date back to 1803, with the publication of a work called Jardin de Malmaison. this book, a catalog of the species grown at the Chateau de Malmaison, was completed by French botanist Etienne Pierre Ventenat at the request of Napoleon's wife Josephine, who had an avid interest in rare plants. Hybrid forms of this flower first became popular in mid 19th century Europe as a result of the horticultural research of expert botanist Herren Ebritsch.
Catchfly: Royal (Silene regia)
Imagine dipping perfect, five petaled flowers into neon red paint, then setting them on bright green stems for all to admire! These are really gorgeous!! It is called 'Royal Catchfly' because the stems and flowers are just sticky enough to trap small insects. You will love Royal Catchfly's exquisite blooms once their scarlet show begins in your backyard! A rare and beautiful wildflower that hummingbirds love!!
Catchfly: Nodding (Silene pendula)
Because of its sticky stem that can entrap tiny insects, this family of plants earned the common name Catchfly. Since many plants in this species produce a saliva-like substance, the genus name "Silene" is derived from Silenus, a mythical Greek character known for being covered with foam. The species name "pendula" comes from the Latin word for "hanging down," referring to the drooping habit of the flowers. This variety originates in Europe and is rarely seen in the United States!
Zinnia: Exquisite (Zinnia elegans)
A unique and colorful Zinnia that offers a range of shades. Exquisite Zinnia is an easy to grow annual that blooms bright red and fades to soft rose pink as the blooms age. Definitely a favorite of gardeners, florists, or anyone who loves cut flowers.
Morning Glory: Heavenly Blue (Ipomea tricolor)
Morning Glory: Picotee Blue (Ipomoea nil)
Penstemon: Scarlet Queen (Penstemon Hartwegii)
Zinnia: Benary's Giant Carmine Rose (Zinnia elegans)
Balsam: Camilia Flowered Mix (Impatiens balsamina)
Poppy, Peony: Red (Papaver Paeoniflorum)
Poppy, California: Carmine King (Eschscholzia californica)
Poppy, California: Red Chief (Eschscholzia californica)
Purslane: Rock (Calandrinia Umbellata)
Sage: Meadow (Salvia Pratensis)
Cornflower: Dwarf Blue (Centaurea cyanus)
Four O' Clock: Rose (Mirabilis jalapa)
Sage: Kitchen (Salvia officinalis)
Four O' Clocks: Red (Mirabilis jalapa)
Columbine: Wild (Aquilegia canadensis)
Lupine: Sky (Lupinus nanus)
Bee Plant: Rocky Mountain (Cleome serrulata)
Camass: Blue (Camassia quamash)
Milkweed: Blood Flower (Asclepias curassavica)
Cornflower: Tall Pink (Centaurea cyanus)
Yarrow: Red (Achillea millefolium rubra)
Clover: Crimson (Trifolium incarnatum)
Foxglove (Digitalis purpurea)
Sage: Blue (Salvia farinacea)
Sage: Scarlet (Salvia coccinea)
Penstemon: Palmer's (Penstemon palmeri)
Cosmos: Radiance (Cosmos bipinnatus)
Cornflower: Tall Blue (Centaurea cyanus)
Iris: Wild Blue (Iris missouriensis)
Poppy: Red (Papaver rhoeas)
Baby's Breath: Deep Carmine (Gypsophila elegans)
Cosmos: Candy Stripe (Cosmos bipinnatus)
Borage: Blue (Borago officinalis)
Basil: Sweet (Ocimum basilicum)
Basil: Lemon (Ocimum basilicum)
Basil: Italian Large Leaf (Ocimum basilicum)
Basil: Spicy Bush (Ocimum basilicum var. minimum)
Thyme: Common (Thymus vulgaris)
Thyme: Creeping (Thymus serpyllum)
This plant is widely known as an herb. Thyme is the source of the oil Serpolet, which is used in herbal medicine. The plant is also often used as a food seasoning and the dried leaves may be used to make tea! This low growing plant with creeping, woody foliage bears small, lavender colored flower during the months of June and July. The hardy plant tolerates some pedestrian traffic and produces odors ranging from heavily herbal to lightly lemon, depending on the plant!
Chives: Garlic (Allium tuberosum)
Chives: Onion (Allium schoenoprasum var. album)
Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis)