Pansy: Johnny Jump Up (Viola tricolor)
This bright-eyed flower once grew wild throughout Europe, and was known as "hearts-ease." Other common names included Love in Idleness, the Trinity Herb, and Three Faces in a Hood. Though the identity of "Johnny" is not known, that particular name seems to originate in 18th century America. Thomas Jefferson's notes of his extensive garden show that he planted this flower on April 1, 1767. It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.
Also Known As: Field Pansy, HeartsEase, Horned Pansy, Horned Violet, Tufted Violet
Ease of Growing: Easy
Grown as: Annual: 8-11
Maturity: 60-70 Days
Light: Full sun to partial shade in warm climates.
Water: Wet to Medium
Attracts Beneficial Insects?: Yes. Bees, & Butterflies.
Sow Depth: Press into soil surface
USDA Zone: 4-11
Produces: tricolored blooms in bright purple, yellow and white.
Edible Uses: Tea.
Young leaves and flower buds - raw or cooked. When added to soup they thicken it in much the same way as okra. A tea can be made from the leaves. The small attractive flowers are added to salads or used as a garnish.
Anodyne; Antiasthmatic; Antiinflammatory; Antiseborrheic; Antispasmodic; Cardiac; Demulcent; Depurative; Diaphoretic; Diuretic; Emetic; Emollient; Expectorant; Homeopathy; Laxative;
Pansy has a long history of herbal use and was at one time in high repute as a treatment for epilepsy, asthma, skin diseases and a wide range of other complaints. In modern herbalism it is seen as a purifying herb and is taken internally in the treatment of skin complaints such as eczema. The herb is anodyne, antiasthmatic, anti-inflammatory, cardiac, demulcent, depurative, diaphoretic, diuretic, emollient, expectorant, laxative and vulnerary. Being expectorant, it is used in the treatment of various chest complaints such as bronchitis and whooping cough, whilst its diuretic action makes it useful for treating rheumatism, cystitis and difficulty in passing urine. It is also used as an ointment for treating eczema and other skin complaints and is also useful in cases of rheumatism, bed-wetting etc. The plant is harvested from June to August and dried for later use. The root is emetic. A homeopathic remedy is made from the entire plant. It is used in the treatment of cutaneous eruptions.