Clover: Strawberry Palestine (Trifolium fragiferum)
Strawberry Palestine Clover is an introduced species that is native to the Mediterranean, as well as parts of central Europe and Asia. Growing to 9-12”, this hardy groundcover tolerates flooding and is great for grazing! It’s botanical name “fragiferum” translates to “strawberry bearing” since both the mature flower look and spread very much like strawberries!
Ease of Growing: Easy
Grown as: Perennial
Maturity (Bloom): Summer
Hardiness: In the US, clover is hardy to Zone 6. Established plantings made in early fall can tolerate temperatures to 0°F or slightly colder.
Crops: Spring, Summer, Fall
Growing Conditions: Cold. These cover crops generally require cooler temperatures and adequate water.
Outdoor Growing Temp: 40°F - 85°F
Min Outdoor Soil Temp: 30°F. Most cool weather cover crop should be started when temperatures are still in the 60's to allow the plants to establish before winter, which also prevents Winterkill.
Start Indoors: No
Start Outdoors: Yes
Small Gardens: No
Light: Sun: min. 6 hours daily (Cold, Cool). Cover crops need full sun when growing in winter, as days are shorter and the sun is lower in the sky. If grown in summer many will tolerate light shade (though they grow best in full sun).
Water: Most of these crops are not particularly drought tolerant and will need regular watering in dry climates (especially when germinating and getting established). However they are mostly grown during the winter when the soil is fairly moist, so don't usually require much irrigation.
Feeder: Light. You do not need to fertilize cover crop in established gardens, as there will be plenty of nutrients in the garden to meet their needs. Since you will be incorporating them back in to the soil, growing them doesn't remove any nutrients from the soil. The leguminous cover crops also fix nitrogen and eventually add it to the soil.
Attracts beneficial insects?: Yes. Bees and Earthworms love it and is also a protein-rich forage crop for cattle and livestock
Containers: Yes. suitable for 5 gallon containers and up.
Sow Depth: Below soil surface.
Produces: blooms in a strawberry pink and emits a delightful fragrance.
USDA Grow Zone: 3-12