Catnip (Nepeta cataria)
Native Range: Europe, southwestern and central Asia
Grown as: Perennial
Maturity (Blooms): May to September
Ease of Growing: Moderate
Hardiness: Hardy. Catnip is very hardy and can withstand hard frost.
Crops: Spring Transplant.
Growing Season: Short, Long
Growing Conditions: Cold, Cool, Warm. Catnip prefers moderate water, but is drought tolerant once established.
Outdoor Growing Temp: 55°F - 85°F
Min Outdoor Soil Temp: 60°F. There's no advantage to starting your seeds in cold soil, so wait until it's warmed up a little, to at least 60˚ F.
Start Indoors: Yes
Start Outdoors: No
Light: Sun: min. 6 hours daily (Cold, Cool, Warm). Catnip prefers full sun, but can tolerate partial shade, as well.
Water: Dry to medium. Catnip prefers moderate water, but is drought tolerant once established.
Feeder: Light. These plants grow best in rich soil, but almost any soil will do.
Suitability: Drought tolerant, Tolerates light frost, Tolerates hard frost
Small Gardens?: Yes
Containers?: Yes. Catnip grows very well in a container if drainage is adequate. Make sure the plant doesn't get root bound, so plan for large growth, or thin every fall.
Attracts beneficial insects?: Yes
Sow Depth: 1/4"
USDA Zone: 3-9
Produces: a square-stemmed plant with downy, medium green leaves and small spikes of pale lavender or white flowers.
Garden Uses: Borders, path edging, cottage gardens or herb gardens. Good for dry areas. Containers. Grow as an ornamental, for herbal use and/or for your cat.
Sow on surface, tamp securely, and keep evenly moist until germination.
Soil temp for germination: 55°F to 85°F, optimal 65°F to 75°F, optimal 70°F
Total weeks to grow transplant: (Spring/Summer), (Fall/Winter)
When: Start 6 to 8 weeks before your last frost date.
How: Scatter the seeds in containers, and lightly cover with soil (1/4") or standard mix. Mist to moisten the soil without washing the seeds away. Keep the soil moist until seeds germinate.
How: Plant around some kind of barrier, at least a foot deep, or in a container. Dig a hole 4 to 6" deep (depending on the container size). Gently squeeze the sides of the container to release the soil. Remove the plant and soil from the container and place into hole. Surround with additional soil, but don't bury the base of the plant. Give a good watering. You may need to protect it from cats.
Cold, Cool, Warm: Catnip prefers moderate water, but is drought tolerant once established.
When outdoor temp: 55°F to 85°F, optimal temp 65°F to 75°F
When min soil temp: 60°F. There's no advantage to starting your seeds in cold soil, so wait until it's warmed up a little, to at least 60˚ F.
Spacing: 10"-14", 1 plants per sq ft. Space Catnip 10 to 14" apart in beds.
Harvest whenever you feel the leaves are a usable size for your needs, up until it flowers.
When and How:
When: Gather the flowering tops in late summer.
How: Dry in the shade. Store away from moisture.
Cut & Come Again:
Catnip can be harvested, but only if the plant is large enough. You should harvest carefully in the first year, as you don't want to damage the plant. Never harvest more than 1/3 of the plant.
When: Harvest before the plant flowers for optimal fragrance.
How: Cut the stem 2" from the base.
Seed Viability in Years: 2 - 4 years
Germination Percentage: 40%
Eggplant: Black Beauty (Heirloom) (Solanum melongena var. esculentum)
Eggplant: Golden Egg (Solanum Melongena)
Ornamental Eggplant is a very unique tropical annual that produce purple flowers and egg-shaped, edible fruit that begin white and turn golden upon maturity. Excellent choices for pots and containers, ornamental hedge, or house plant.
Eggplant: Long Purple (Heirloom) (Solanum melongena)
This Italian heirloom eggplant, Long Purple, produces dark purple cucumber-shaped fruit with firm, mild flesh. Good yields, especially in northern climates! Plants will typically produce 4 or more 8-10" fruits with harvest beginning in 70 to 80 days. Average water needs. Some parts of plant are poisonous if ingested.