Five Spot is a native cool weather annual that can be commonly found growing in woodlands and grasslands throughout California, Oregon, and Utah. At maturity, this plant reaches the height of 1' and features upward facing, cup=shaped, flowers that have 5 white petals that are marked with a purple spot at their ends. This plant is not only beautiful, but it also attracts bees and butterflies to your garden!
Species: Nemophila maculata
Cultivar: Five Spot
Also Known As: Lilacbush, Rock Cress, Kotolo Milkweed
Native Range: California, Oregon, and Utah.
Easy of growing: Easy
Grown as: Short lived Perennial/Annual
Maturity (Blooms): April to June
Light: Full Sun to Part Shade. Part afternoon shade is best in hot summer climates.
Soil Moisture: Medium
Containers: Yes. Great choice for containers and hanging baskets.
Attracts Beneficial Insects?: Yes. It attracts bees.
Suitability: This is a cool weather annual that grows best in cool summer climates where nighttime temperatures consistently dip below 65 degrees F. Plants are intolerant of dry soils and drought.
Sow Depth: 1/4"
USDA Zones: 3a-9b
Produces: Bright white flowers that are marked with a purple spot.
Garden Uses: Borders and rock gardens. Interesting plant for edging. Mass into large drifts. Good selection for pots and hanging baskets.
Poppy, California: Carmine King (Eschscholzia californica)
Poppy, California: Dwarf (Eschscholzia caespitosa)
Poppy, California: Golden West (Eschscholzia californica)
Poppy, California: Ivory Castle (Eschscholzia californica)
Poppy, California: Mikado (Eschscholzia californica)
Poppy, California: Orange (Eschscholzia californica)
Poppy, California: Purple Gleam (Eschscholzia californica)
Poppy, California: Red Chief (Eschscholzia californica)
Poppy, California: White Linen (Eschscholzia californica)
Deerhorn Clarkia is a native annual flower that can commonly be found growing in rocky forest and grasslands, or in disturbed soils throughout the northwest United States. At maturity, this plant reaches the height of 18” and features a hairy erect stem that has 2-3” lance-shaped leaves alternating around it, and topped with clusters of four divided fuchsia flower petals and a prominent white pistil. This plant can be grown in a container, attracts bees and butterflies, is resistant to deer, self sows, and is great as a cut flower!
Chinese Houses is a cool weather annual flower that is native to California but can be found growing in woodlands and grasslands, or on the slopes of foothills throughout Illinois and Kentucky. At maturity, this plant reaches the height of 2' and features narrow pointed leaves and circular tiers of ½-¾” flowers with two white upper petals and two fuchsia lower petals. This plant can be grown in a container, attracts bees and butterflies, self sows, and is great as a cut flower!
Bird's Eye is a California native annual flower that can be found growing in grassy plains and slopes. At maturity, this plant reaches a height of 1-2' and features an elegant hairy stem, feather-like leaves, and beautiful tubular five petaled flowers that are pale purple on the edges, followed by a white then deep purple ring, ending in a yellow center that is offset by five light blue stamens. This plant can be grown in containers, it attracts bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds, can be used as a cut flower, and it self sows!
Lupine: Arroyo (Lupinus succulentus)
Lupine: Russell (Lupinus polyphyllus)
George Russell, a self-taught horticulturalist from Great Britain, produced this lovely hybrid in the early 1920’s after nearly two decades of cross-breeding and experimentation. On being honored by the Royal Horticultural Society for his achievement, Mr. Russell stated that all the really crucial work had been done by the humble little bees in his garden. The name Lupine comes from the Latin “lupus,” meaning wolf. This refers to the folk belief that this plant took nutrients from the soil. Ironically, this plant actually improves the soil because of its nitrogen fixing abilities.
Lupine: Sky (Lupinus nanus)
Penstemon: Palmer's (Penstemon palmeri)
Penstemon: Rocky Mountain (Penstemon strictus)