(Eupatorium perfoliatum ‘Boneset’)
Boneset is a native clump-forming perennial flower that commonly grows in wet soils of woods, prairies, and meadows throughout the central and eastern United States. At maturity, this plant reaches a height of 3-4' and features hairy stems, wrinkled, lance-shaped leaves with clusters of white flowers. Not only is this plant great as a cut flower, but it also attracts bees and butterflies, is drought resistant, can grow in a container, has medicinal uses, is resistant to deer, and self-sows!
Also Known As: Thoroughwort, Feverwort, Agueweed, Indian Sage.
Native Range: Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Manitoba, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Pennsylvania, Prince Edward I., Québec, Rhode I., South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin.
Grown as: Perennial
Maturity (Blooms): July to September
Light: Full Sun To Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist to Wet
Attracts Beneficial Insects?: Yes. Boneset flowers attract bees and butterflies.
Containers?: Yes. To grow Boneset in a container, a cold-moist pretreatment at 40 degrees
Fahrenheit for 3 weeks to 3 months will increase germination percentages. After pretreatment, sow seeds in a fine germination mix containing milled sphagnum moss. Transplant to potting mix after seeds have germinated. Seeds germinate at 70 - 85 degrees Fahrenheit and in the presence of light. Use a greenhouse with alternating temperatures (day temperatures 70 - 85 degrees Fahrenheit, night temperatures 65 - 68 degrees Fahrenheit).
Sow Depth: 1/8"
USDA Zone: 3-8
Produces: wrinkled lanced shaped leaves that surround a hairy stem that is topped by clusters of flat corymbs of puffy white flowers.
Garden Uses: Good size and late bloom for borders, native plant gardens, rain gardens, wildflower gardens, cottage gardens, woodland gardens or banks of ponds or water gardens.
(Monarda citriodora ‘Lemon’)
Lemon Bee Balm is a native annual herb that grows in sandy/rocky prairies or along roadsides throughout the southern United States. At maturity, this plant reaches a height of 24-36” and features square-like stems, narrow 2” lance-shaped leaves, and globular clusters of two-lipped flowers that are light pink to white. This plant can be grown in a container, attracts bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds, tolerates drought, makes insecticides, is resistant to deer, is both edible and medicinal, and is used as a cut flower!
(Monarda didyma 'Scarlet')
Scarlet Bee Balm is a native annual herb that is commonly found growing in moist woods, and along streams and rivers throughout the eastern United States. At maturity, this plant reaches the height of 24-48” and features square like stems, 3-6” lance shaped, medium green leaves, and globular clusters of two-lipped aromatic flowers that are scarlet red. This plant can be grown in a container, attracts bees, butterflies, hummingbirds, and pollinating moths, is resistant to deer and rabbit, is both edible and medicinal, and is great as a cut flower!
(Monarda punctata ‘Spotted’)
Spotted Bee Balm is a native clump-forming biennial herb that is commonly found growing in dry soils of prairies, and in sandy plains throughout the Midwest, southern, and eastern United States. At maturity, this plant reaches the height of 12-24” and features 1-2' branching stems, 3” oblong, teethed, medium green leaves, showy pink bracts, and small, pale yellow flowers that are spotted with purple. This plant attracts bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds, tolerates drought, is resistant to deer, is both edible and medicinal, self sows, and is great as a cut flower!