Valerian (Valeriana Officinalis)
Also Known As: Garden heliotrope, Common Valerian, Garden Valerian, or All-heal
Native Range: Europe, western Asia
Grown as: Perennial
Hardiness: Extremely cold hardy, even in harsh winter climates. Plants die back to the ground in winter and re-emerge in spring. It prefers cooler weather.
Maturity (Blooms): June to July
Start Indoors: Yes
Start Outdoors: Yes
Light: Full Sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day)
Water: Medium. This plant enjoys abundant rainfall.
Soil Moisture: Medium. Any average, well drained soil.
Beneficial Insects?: Yes. Valerian flowers attract bees and butterflies. The plant also is resistant to deers.
Containers?: Yes. Plant Valerian in a large pot in moist, rich, loamy soil. Water regularly and keep by a very sunny window.
Sow Depth: 1/8"
USDA Zone: 4-9
Produces: an attractive perennial herb that tops out at 40”, has beautiful fern like foliage, and bares multiple clusters of sweet scented pale pink flowers that butterflies adore.
Garden Uses: Grown for ornamental and/or herbal purposes. Cottage gardens, borders, herb gardens, cutting gardens or naturalized areas. Good cut flower.
Known Hazards: It is said that prolonged medicinal use of this plant can lead to addiction. A course of treatment should not exceed 3 months.
Catnip (Nepeta cataria)
Purple Coneflower is a native perennial flower that is commonly found growing in moist meadows, woods, and prairies throughout the central and eastern United States. At maturity, this plant reaches the height of 2-4' and features stiff stems, narrow hairy leaves, and 3-4” flower heads with drooping purplish pink petals and a spiny orange center cone. This plant can be grown in a container, attracts bees, butterflies, hummingbirds, provides bird forage, tolerates drought and frost, has medicinal uses, is resistant to deer, and is great as a cut flower!