Yarrow: White (Achillea millefolium)
Harvesting & Storage
Culinary & Medicinal
Also Known As: Common Yarrow, Milfoil, Sneezewort, Soldier's Friend
Native Range: Europe, western Asia, North America
Ease of Growing: Moderate
Grown As: Perennial
Maturity (Bloom): June to September
Hardiness: Tender. Yarrow is tender and will not tolerate any frost.
Suitability: Yarrow tolerates hot, humid summers and drought.
Light: Full Sun.
Water: Dry to medium.
Soil Moisture: Dry to medium. Well-drained. Yarrow will not tolerate wet soil.
Attracts Beneficial Insects?: Yes. Attracts bees, butterflies, ladybugs, as well as resisting deer.
Sow Depth: 1/8"
Produces: neat, bushy clumps of medium green fern-like foliage, and 4” clusters of white flowers.
USDA Grow Zone: 3a-9b
Garden Uses: Cottage gardens, wild gardens, meadows, prairies and naturalized areas. Good fresh cut or dried flower.
Soil pH: 6.0-7.3, Ideal 6.5-7.0. Yarrow prefers a light, sandy soil that drains well.
Compost (Nitrogen), 2", in top 6" of soil, 1 time: Apply 2" of compost as a mulch to help suppress weeds and provide nutrients.
If you receive less than 1 inch of rain a week in the summer, remember to water your plants regularly.
Divide yarrow plants every 3 to 5 years. Lift the clumps of flowers in early spring or fall and remove any dead stems from the center of the clump. You can replant the divisions in well-prepared soil.
If you plant yarrow from tip cuttings, plant them in spring or early summer.
The dried material is lightweight, so drafts should be avoided. Yarrow also seems to fade quickly if left in sunlight, so be certain to keep it in a dark container or in an out of the way place.
THE HEALTH BENEFITS OF YARROW ESSENTIAL OILS
Anti-Rheumatic: Being good for circulation, it is good for rheumatic or arthritic patients too. It improves circulation and thereby prevents accumulation of uric acid in the joints and muscles, thus helping cure rheumatism and arthritis. Added to that, the diaphoretic property of this oil helps remove these toxins from body through perspiration.
Antiseptic: Common antiseptic creams and lotions available in the market can hardly match its performance as an anti septic. It protects wounds from being septic and other bacterial, fungal or viral infections. It forms a protective covering on the wound and activates the blood platelets and leucocytes at the effected place, thereby checking the intrusion of microbes. Furthermore, the oil itself has bactericidal and fungicidal properties, which effectively kills them and adds to the effect.
Anti-Spasmodic: Those who suffer from spasm, alone know how dangerous it can be. Spasm, or extraordinary contraction in the body, can lead to some of the most serious and even fatal of ailments. When in the respiratory system, it can cause severe and uninterrupted coughs, and may result in convulsions if it pertains to the nervous system. In case of spasm of intestines, it may result in acute abdominal pain, and finally, it may give rise to painful cramps in the muscles. The only way to get rid of this is to relax the contraction. In cases like these, the essential oil of Yarrow can help, as it has a relaxing, anti-spasmodic effect on muscles, nerves, intestines and respiratory tracts.
Astringent: Remember those ad for toothpaste which said that “its incredible astringent tightens up the loosened gums”? Yes! It is the same astringent we are talking about. The actual function of an astringent is to bring about contractions, in muscles, tissues and even in blood vessels. This effect proves beneficial for us. When it results in the contraction of the gums, the teeth are secured. In case of scalp and hair follicles, it strengthens hair and eliminates hair loss. Furthermore, Yarrow essential oil improved saggy skin and muscles which resulted from aging, and thus gave people a younger look. And that is not all! It can also lessen bleeding or hemorrhage by bringing contraction to the blood vessels. The finishing touch! The Essential Oil of Yarrow has astringent properties.
Carminative: Are you afraid of those untimely air-cannon shots in the midst of a party which leave you irritated or have you been suffering from flatulence, heaviness in the chest and the intestines, indigestion, chest pain, loss of appetite, or stomach aches etc.? Do you know what causes them? It is that good old gas., which is left surprisingly untreated for a long time, which can be highly dangerous in the long term. Try this essential oil. It removes gases from the intestines in a downward path and does not let them build up either. Try it at home and experience the relief for yourself.
Cicatrisant: The cicatrisant property of this essential oil can give thousands of those costly anti-mark and anti-scar creams and lotions available on the market a run for their reputation and money once they become popular. It is far better than those artificially flavored petroleum gels to cure the scars and eliminating the after marks left by the wounds, acne, pimples, or boils.
Diaphoretic: This oil increases perspiration and helps in the removal of toxins, extra salt and water from the body. This also cools down the body and gives relief from fever, along with losing weight, as urine is approximately 4% fat.
Digestive: The essential oil of Yarrow improves digestion. It improves the secretion of digestive juices (acids and bile) as well as restores the health of the liver and the other digestive organs.
Expectorant: Being an expectorant, it clears congestion in the chest, bronchi and nose, while relieving them of phlegm. It also helps cure colds and is particularly beneficial in controlling coughs.
Emenagogue: The obstructed menses can be turned on with the help of this essential oil and can be made regular. Furthermore, the other problems associated with periods, such as fatigue, headache, abdominal pains, or nausea can also be tackled with the help of this oil. This essential oil can also help avoid early or untimely menopause from occurring.
Emollient: The essential oil of Yarrow holds the secret to smoother and younger skin with a balanced amount of moisture in it. It keeps skin free from dryness, cracks, infections and visible, unsightly marks.
Stomachic: A stomachic keeps your stomach in good condition by maintaining the proper flow of digestive juices into it. This is done by maintaining the right balance between the acid and bile (so that excess acids are neutralized) and by curing the wounds, if any, in the stomach. It soothes the stomach and gives relief from inflammation.
Tonic: This property of Yarrow essential oil tones up the whole body. It optimizes the metabolic functions like decomposition of food and the absorption of nutrients by toning up the liver, stomach and intestines, and helps you grow stronger and healthier. Furthermore, it takes care of proper excretion, regulates the endocrinal secretions of hormones and enzymes, and tones up the nervous system, thus making you more alert and active, while finally, it boosts the immune system, protecting you from infections.
Vulnerary: If a diluted solution of this oil is applied on wounds, or blended with a skin cream and applied, it can help your wounds heal faster and keep them protected from infections. This oil is equally beneficial in healing internal wounds, cuts and ulcers.
Tranquilizing: This property of Yarrow essential oil can be a blessing for those who suffer from insomnia and excessive stress and starve for a bit of relaxation and sound sleep. This causes relaxation in the nerves, brain and muscles; reduces blood pressure and brings about sound, refreshing sleep. This is far better than using alcohol, narcotics like opium, and sleeping pills packed with potentially harmful substances which can ruin your health in the long run.
Febrifuge: The febrifuge property of Yarrow oil helps to bring down body temperature by promoting perspiration (being diaphoretic in nature) as well as by fighting the infections which cause fever. It also gives relief from inflammation that results from fever.
Hemostatic: This oil can efficiently bring down and even stop hemorrhaging due to its hemostatic properties. Again, this property comes from its astringent property, which brings about contractions in the hemorrhaging blood vessels, thus stopping the hemorrhage.
Hypotensive: Those who are suffering from hypertension and under constant threat of heart attack or brain hemorrhage can try this as a safe alternative to those synthetic drugs that bring down the blood pressure. A regular administration in low and mild doses can systematically bring down the blood pressure. However, this oil should not be used for too long if this is your only real function for it.
Other Benefits: This oil is beneficial in treating circulatory diseases such as varicose veins and hemorrhoids as well as certain skin diseases, wounds, burns, acne, dermatitis, colic, constipation and infections in the digestive system, urinary system and reproductive organs.
A Few Words of Caution: Yarrow essential oil may show neurotoxic effects, and can result in headaches and skin irritation if you continue to use it for a long time in high dosages. Oral intake should be avoided during pregnancy.
Blending: The essential oil of Yarrow blends well with oils of Angelica, Cedar Wood, Oak Moss and Verbena.
Basil: Clove Scented (Ocimum basilicum)
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Basil: Italian Large Leaf (Ocimum basilicum)
Basil: Lemon (Ocimum basilicum)
Basil: Purple Ruffles (Ocimum basilicum)
Basil: Spicy Bush (Ocimum basilicum var. minimum)
Basil: Sweet (Ocimum basilicum)
Beans: Kentucky Wonder Pole (Heirloom) (Phaseolus vulgaris)
Beans: Lazy Housewife Pole (Heirloom) (Phaseolus vulgaris)
Bean: Royalty Purple Pod Green (Heirloom) (Phaseolus vulgaris)
Broccoli: Green Sprouting Calabrese (Organic) (Brassica oleracea var. italica)
Broccoli: Purple Sprouting (Heirloom) (Brassica oleracea var. italica)
Broccoli: Waltham 29 (Heirloom) (Brassica oleracea var. italica)
Brussels Sprout: Long Island Improved (Heirloom) (Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera)
Cabbage: Early Jersey Wakefield (Heirloom) (Brassica oleracea var. capitata)
Cabbage: Late Flat Dutch (Heirloom) (Brassica oleracea var. capitata)
Cabbage: Red Acre (Heirloom) (Brassica oleracea var. capitata)
Cabbage is considered one of the oldest cultivated vegetables, since historians trace it back to 4,000 BC in China. The Romans also cultivated it and praised it for its healing qualities; philosophers Pythagoras and Cato both made the lowly cabbage the subject of a book. Jacques Cartier brought the first cabbage to America in 1536. Cabbages were quite popular in colonial America, being pickled and preserved in every possible way to provide food for the winter.
Cabbage, Chinese: Pak Choi (Heirloom) (Brassica rapa var. chinensis)
Cauliflower: Snowball Y Improved (Heirloom) (Brassica oleracea var. botrytis)
Collards: Vates (Heirloom) (Brassica oleracea var. acephala)
Kale: Lacinato (Heirloom) (Brassica oleracea)
Kale: Red Russian (Heirloom) (Brassica oleracea)
Lavender: Vera (Lavandula angustifolia)
Melon: Cantaloupe, Hale's Best Jumbo (Cucumis melo)
Melon, Cantaloupe: Hearts of Gold (Heirloom) (Cucumis melo)
Melon, Cantaloupe: Honey Dew Green Flesh (Heirloom) (Cucumis melo var. inodorus)
Melon, Cantaloupe: Honey Rock (Heirloom) (Cucumis melo)
Melon, Watermelon: Black Diamond (Heirloom) (Citrullus lanatus)
Melon, Watermelon: Crimson Sweet (Citrullus lanatus)
Melon, Watermelon: Moon and Stars (Heirloom) (Citrullus lanatus)
Melon, Watermelon: Sugar Baby (Heirloom) (Citrullus lanatus)
Mustard: Red Giant (Heirloom) (Brassica juncea)
Mustard greens originated near the Himalayan region of northern India, where they have been growing for thousands of years. Chinese, Japanese, and African cuisine also make use of this peppery vegetable. Though not particularly well known in most parts of the United States, mustard greens are a traditional part of culture in the southern region.
Mustard: Tendergreen (Heirloom) (Brassica rapa var. perviridis)
Oregano: Greek (Origanum vulgare hirtum)
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Oregano: Italian (Origanum vulgare)
Italian Oregano is a very popular "pizza herb" widely used in Italian, Greek and Mexican cooking. Leaves can be used fresh or dried and add warm spicy flavor to your favorite recipes! Bright blue-green plants grow 6" tall and up to 24" in diameter. Leaves can be harvested in 85 to 95 days (before flowers appear). Perennial. Drought tolerant.
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Spinach: Bloomsdale Longstanding (Heirloom) (Spinacia oleracea)
Thyme: Common (Thymus vulgaris)
Thyme: Creeping (Thymus serpyllum)
This plant is widely known as an herb. Thyme is the source of the oil Serpolet, which is used in herbal medicine. The plant is also often used as a food seasoning and the dried leaves may be used to make tea! This low growing plant with creeping, woody foliage bears small, lavender colored flower during the months of June and July. The hardy plant tolerates some pedestrian traffic and produces odors ranging from heavily herbal to lightly lemon, depending on the plant!