Chamomile: Common German (Matricaria recutita)
Harvesting & Storage
Culinary & Medicinal
Also known as: German Chamomile, Hungarian Chamomile, Scented Mayweed, True Chamomile
Native Range: Europe, western Asia
Ease of Growing: Easy.
Grown as: Annual
Days to Maturity: June to August
Hardiness: Tender. Annual that dies off in the winter and reseeds for the following year.
Crops: Spring Transplant, Summer.
Growing Season: Short, Long.
Growing Conditions: Cool, Warm. This plant prefers fairly cool growing conditions (low 45˚F and a high of 80˚F), well drained soil and full sun.
Outdoor Growing Temp: 45°F - 80°F
Min Outdoor Soil Temp: 55°F Plant outdoors once soil reaches 55˚F.
Start Indoors: Yes
Start Outdoors: Yes
Light: Sun min. 6 hours daily. Chamomile prefers full sun, but will tolerate some shade.
Water: Dry to medium. Chamomile can survive without additional watering in cooler weather but will need additional water during prolonged periods of hot and dry weather. The plant will also benefit from additional watering when it starts to bloom. Be sure not to overwater it.
Feeder: Moderate. Soil should be moderately fertile.
Suitability: Tolerates light frost.
Small Gardens?: Yes.
Containers?: Yes. Chamomile will grow well in containers that are at least 12" deep. Use well draining soil (add sand to increase drainage if necessary).
Attracts Beneficial Insects?: Yes
Plant Height: 24-30"
Plant Diameter: 9-12"
Sow Depth: Just below soil surface.
Produces: smooth, branching stems with feathery foliage and small daisy-like flowers.
USDA Grow Zone: 4-9
Garden Uses: Numerous additional uses for this herb beyond tea include (a) culinary (addition to cream cheese, fruit preparations and salads), (b) cosmetic (add to compresses or floral waters), (c) medicinal (add to creams for treatment of minor inflammations, wounds or irritations of mouth or gums), (d) add to potpouris and (e) sachet pouch for bath water.
Soil pH: 5.6-7.5, Ideal 6.0-7.0. Chamomile prefers slightly acid soil that is rich, but it will grow in slightly poorer soil as long as it's well drained.
Compost (Nitrogen), 2" in top 6 in of soil, 1 time: Add compost to improve soil fertility and improve soil structure.
Water Needs: Low. Chamomile can survive without additional watering in cooler weather but will need additional water during prolonged periods of hot and dry weather. The plant will also benefit from additional watering when it starts to bloom. Be sure not to overwater it.
Fertilizer Needs: Moderate. Soil should be moderately fertile.
Watering, regularly: Water, 0.5 inch(es), regularly, 2 times a week. Watering also depends on your local weather; don't water if it's raining, or water more frequently if it's dry. Just be sure to keep soil moist but never soggy for the best crop. The best way to know how much moisture is in your soil is to feel 2" below the soil line. If it's dry, water.
Storage Req: Dry, Drying
Storage Temp: 60-75°F
Storage Length: 1-180 days
Seed Viability in Years: 3 - 5 years
Germination Percentage: 40%
The young sprigs are used as a seasoning. The dried flowers are used to make herb teas. It is aromatic but with a very bitter flavor.
Benefits of Chamomile Tea
Medical Benefits of Chamomile Tea: Chamomile Tea comes with hundreds of medical benefits. Following are some of the medical benefits of Chamomile Tea.
Stomach Cramps Treatment: Chamomile tea is regularly effective at treating stomach crumps on the grounds that it attempts to mitigate the stomach in distinctive ways. In case you’re experiencing an obscure sustenance hypersensitivity response, chamomile helps by its chamazulene content, a mitigating specialists. In “1,000 Cures for 200 Ailments,” Dr. David Kiefer clarifies that the oil found in chamomile avoids gastrointestinal aggravation. Chamomile is likewise a gentle narcotic, thus assuages stress, a standout amongst the most widely recognized reasons for stomach torment. It’s essential to soak your chamomile tea sacks in hot however not bubbling water -bubbling water devastates a portion of the dynamic mixes.
Direction: Chamomile has been found to contain genuinely solid antispasmodic and mitigating constituents. Thusly, it has been discovered to be powerful in treating stomach and intestinal issues. Just set up a container of Chamomile tea taking after the headings on the bundle and beverage it twice a day until while manifestations are exhibit.
Note: Drink one mug in the morning, and one at night.
Insomnia Treatment: In the event that you are using up slumber or experiencing a sleeping disorder than chamomile tea is an incredible home solution for you. A few studies have been carried out on this subject and chamomile tea connected to better tranquilizer. Taking an immaculate camellia tea before going to bunk can advance your slumber quicker and healthier. Helping individuals to get snoozing is one most commendable medical advantages of chamomile tea.
Direction: Prepare your Chamomile Tea and drink it 3 to 4 glass of tea a day. You can add honey or sugar for test. But the best idea is to drink it without sugar or honey.
Note: The pollen found in chamomile arrangements may cause unfavorably susceptible responses. On the off chance that you are sensitive to ragweed dust, you should not use chamomile.
Migraine Treatment: Chamomile is a known herb for therapeutic use in anxious issue like nervousness, crabbiness and even sleep deprivation. This herb meets expectations by easing off your sensory system’s movement. This makes you unwind and keep up a feeling of calm.
Direction: One of the reasons why chamomile is one of some great solutions for headache is its quality to diminish torment and irritation. Be that as it may, in the event that you plan to drink a mug of chamomile tea and dispose of all headache uneasiness, it is not really. You have to drink this tea for the duration of the day to facilitate your headache migraine and provide for you some rest. Drink chamomile tea 4 to 5 times a days.
Note: Chamomile is accessible as a tea, fluid concentrate, capsules, ointment and also dried heads.
Bowel Syndrome: IBS or Irritable Bowel Syndrome is an interminable state of the digestive framework. Its essential manifestations are stomach torment and adjusted bowel propensities, however these indications have no identifiable reason. IBS is the most normally diagnosed gastrointestinal condition and is second just to the basic frosty as a reason for unlucky deficiency from work. An expected 10 to 20 percent of individuals in the all-inclusive community experience indications of IBS, albeit just around 15 percent of influenced individuals really look for medicinal help.
Direction: Chamomile lessens cramping and torment in the insides furthermore serves to ease unnecessary gas and bloating in the digestion tracts. In this way, a straightforward cure is to drink a mug of chamomile tea to help soothe bad tempered inside disorder, sickness, and gastroenteritis or stomach influenza.
Note: You can drink twice a day to get better result.
Menstrual Cramps: On the off chance that you’ve been hunting down a safe approach to facilitate the uneasiness of menstrual spasms, attempt a mug of Chamomile tea. Chamomile tea has been known as a relieving solution for menstrual spasms for a long time, and flow research has uncovered the science behind this present tea’s capacity to reduce issues right now of the month.
Direction: Appreciating chamomile tea frequently builds levels of the amino corrosive glycine in your body, and larger amounts of glycine may help to simplicity menstrual spasms by lessening muscle fits and empowering your body (counting the uterus) to unwind. Furthermore, with chamomile’s delicate narcotic impacts, too, you’ll be feeling better instantly! Just drink 2 to 3 cups of tea a day.
Chamomile’s impacts might likewise help direct sporadic periods by invigorating blood stream in the pelvic region and uterus.
Note: please try to remain extremely careful of chamomile tea in the event that you are as of now or are attempting to fall pregnant!
Allergy and Rashes: Chamomile tea is awesome for rashes and unfavorable susceptibilities.
Direction: Take a cotton ball and plunge it in cool chamomile tea. Apply this on the rashes that are structured on your back in the summers. It chills them off and provides for you moment help. Devour the day routinely to anticipate unfavorable susceptibilities and dispose of their side effects.
Note: It mitigates down your body and cools the system.
Stomach Ulcer: Chamomile tea calms ulcers in the stomach.
Direction: You could take it routinely to get easing from the agony. For individuals who have experienced surgery for uprooting stones in the stomach, normal utilization of chamomile tea serves to counteract re-development of these stones.
Note: Counsel your specialist before going for this medicine.
Chamomile Tea Benefits for Healthy Skin and Hair: Chamomile has been utilized since Ancient times for their quieting, against bacterial and calming properties in treatment of different medicinal conditions, for example, icy, sore throat, gingivitis, sleep deprivation, tension, colic, fractious gut disorder, psoriasis, dermatitis and skin inflammation. Chamomile is accessible as dried bloom heads, an imbuement (tea), fluid concentrate, oil, tinctures and in creams and treatments. Tea sacks are the most widely recognized structure found in supermarkets and drug stores. Both the new and dried blossoms of chamomile have been utilized to make teas for quite a long time to cure number of health issues. The dynamic fixing in chamomile fundamental oil is in charge of giving chamomile, hostile to aggravation, mitigating and against microbial properties. Thusly chamomile tea has various health, magnificence and therapeutic advantages.
Skin Inflammation: Chamomile tea can battle against skin inflammation scars and wipe out through its anxiolytic and cancer prevention agent properties.
Direction: There are two approaches to utilize chamomile tea for skin break out or acne treatment. It can be taken orally or utilized topically. In both cases, the tea must be prepared to permit the dynamic fixings to get removed into tea arrangement.
Note: Furthermore, skin inflammation can be dealt with both by drinking and rubbing the same home grown teas leaves on the skin which is discovered to be exceptionally viable.
Skin Bleach: The natural tea go about as astounding common skin dye. It lightens your appearance and gives a solid gleam regularly. Chamomile tea has been utilized for a considerable length of time as a skin lightener. It tightens your pores, mollify your skin and when utilized reliably more than two to three week period, will blur spots and pimple inflammation scars.
Direction: Heat up three tablespoons of dried chamomile blooms with 1 container of water for around 8-10 minutes. In the wake of straining the mixture, include one tablespoon of nectar and rose water to the mixture. Presently apply on face and neck territory and keep for around 15 minutes and later wash completely with new water.
Note: This cure gives your skin a fading impact and lightens your skin.
Skin Irritation: Chamomile tea is discovered to be exceptionally successful in alleviating skin bothering and sunburns when connected topically on skin surface. Tea packs additionally gives calming impact to tired eyes in the wake of taking a shot at PC for extend periods of time or in the wake of sitting in front of the TV constantly.
Direction: Chamomile tea additionally go about as radiant, relieving healer when utilized as a part of your shower and is extravagant and common approach to provide for yourself a spa-like, shower –time treat. A chamomile shower can likewise be utilized for infants where they ease from diaper rash and other skin bothering, saving the delicateness of child’s skin and advancing great slumber. Use sugar free chamomile tea to get rid of skin irritation fast.
Note: Chamomile is likewise an extremely powerful solution for dry and flaky scalp in view of it is against contagious properties.
Dark Circles: An alternate critical focal point of chamomile tea is that its tea packs can be utilized to treat dark circles under eyes.
Direction: For this home cure, dip chamomile tea sack for 5 minutes and after that cool it for quite a while before holding under eyes so it can be mediocre by your eyes. Keep for 5 minutes and after that wash eyes completely with new water.
Note: This cure serves to lighten the dark circles under eyes and give easing from eye puffiness.
Reduce Swelling: Icy chamomile tea sack turns out to be exceptionally viable in treatment of pressed and harmed pimples to decrease its swelling and redness because of its mitigating and hostile to oxidant properties.
Direction: Apply ice chamomile tea to the affected area. You have to apply it 2 times a day.
Note: Many individuals use chamomile tea imbuement or concentrate alongside shower to dispose of different skin issues, for example, dermatitis, chicken pox and regular swelling or contaminations connected with such ailments.
Skin Moisturizer: Chamomile tea turns out to be a decent lotion and cleaner for skin. The segments introduce in chamomile tea attempts to be great cover for skin inflammation and a serves as a decent toner and cleaner for skin.
Direction: Chamomile can likewise have positive advantages on skin when expended alongside nourishment as it supports and saturates skin from inside. You can likewise take hot steam of chamomile tea which additionally gives general useful impact to skin.
Note: Regular uses of chamomile tea will make your skin look smooth and beautiful.
Hair Dandruff Treatment: Chamomile can be utilized to anticipate dandruff and alleviate a bothered scalp. Include two tablespoons of a solid natural decoction to mellow child cleanser.
Direction: To make a chamomile decoction, stew one ounce of dried chamomile in two and half measures of refined water for around 30 minutes. Strain, cool and add to a flask of cleanser or use as a hair wash.
Note: If your condition is worse, you can apply it once a week.
Blond Hair Treatment: Chamomile is generally utilized as an element for blond hair medications.
Direction: Chamomile Tea lightens and lights up hair, bit by bit, when utilized as a flush. It adds brilliant highlights to tan hair with constant utilization. Chamomile can be found in business or natively constructed cleanser. It fortifies hair and helps repair part closes.
Note: It serves to keep up harmony in the middle of dry and slick scalp conditions.
Boost Immunity System: Chamomile tea helps support your invulnerability. It has hostile to bacterial properties that battle against microbes and help cure hack and icy. You get fast help from these issues.
Control Diabetes: Chamomile tea helps control the manifestations of diabetes. It keeps up the levels of glucose in the blood and keeps issues away.
Remove Wrinkles: Free radical harm is the thing that causes your skin to age and makes indications of maturing on your skin. Chamomile tea battles and shields your skin from harm because of free radicals and keep you looking adolescent.
Bottom Line: The best benefits of chamomile tea is that this natural home cure is successful, as well as is additionally extremely solid, practical and scrumptious when utilized orally. Furthermore subsequently on account of its remarkable properties, it is viewed as an undeniable healthy skin treatment.
Health benefits of chamomile essential oil
Removes Toxic Agents: As a sudorific, both varieties of chamomile oil induce profuse perspiration, which helps to remove toxins and agents that cause infections while simultaneously cooling down the body and effectively providing relief from fever, thus serving as a febrifuge.
Prevents Infections: Both varieties have very good antiseptic and antibiotic properties which do not let biotic infections develop, which arise due to bacteria and fungi. They also eliminate infections that are already present. These are good vermifuge agents as well, which kill all sorts of intestinal worms. If applied to the hair, it kills lice and mites, keeping the hair and scalp free from infections and damage. camomileessentialoil
Relieves Depression: Both varieties have been found to be very effective in fighting depression. They eliminate feelings of sadness, depression, disappointment, and sluggishness while inducing a sort of happy or charged feeling. Even smelling these oils can help a lot in overcoming depression and bringing about a good mood.
Reduces Anger: Roman chamomile is effective in calming down annoyance, anger, and irritation, particularly in small children, while German chamomile is effective on adults in curing inflammation, particularly when it is located in the digestive or urinary system. Both varieties reduce blood pressure and curb the swelling of blood vessels as well.
Improves Digestion: Being a stomachic, they tone up the stomach and ensure its proper function. They also promote the secretion of digestive juices into the stomach and facilitate digestion. Being hepatic, they ensure a good liver health and the proper flow of bile from it. They are also considered cholagogues, meaning that they increase the secretion of hydrochloric acid, bile, and enzymes in the stomach, thereby promoting digestion.
Treats Rheumatism: They cure dysfunctions of the circulatory system, stimulate circulation and detoxify the blood from toxins like uric acid. Thus they help to cure ailments like rheumatism and arthritis, which are caused due to improper circulation and accumulation of uric acid. These abilities classify them as good antiphlogistics, agents which reduce swelling and edema.
Skin Care: They are very popular in the world of cosmetics, since they diminish the scars, marks, and spots on the skin and on the face, making them a cicatrizant. They also protect wounds, cuts, and bruises from becoming infected, therefore also serving as a vulnerary.
Relieves Pain: They have analgesic properties, which effectively reduce pain in the muscles and joints. They also decrease the severity of headaches, sinuses, toothaches, and bone injuries. They are also very effective in relieving the severe pain of neuralgia by constricting the blood vessels that surround the ninth cranial nerve and relieve the pressure.
Removes Excess Gas: They are very good at expelling gas from the intestines and stomach while also curbing additional gas formation. This also helps to relax the body and lower blood pressure. What is even more important is that the effect of the oil also eliminates the serious risks of excess gas, such as the trapping of gas in the windpipe, which can even be fatal.
Boosts Nervous System: They calm almost all nervous disturbances or hyper-reactions which result in convulsions, spasms, nervousness, and loss of control over limbs. They are nervine, meaning they keep the nerves and the nervous system in a state of good health and proper functioning.
Tones the Body: They are a tonic in nature, meaning that they tone up the skin, muscles, and internal organs.
Other Benefits: Chamomile essential oils are anti-allergenic, and they help cure acne by removing toxins and cleaning sebaceous and eccrine glands through sweating. As a diuretic, they clean up the urinary system and the kidneys by stimulating increased urination. In addition, they detoxify the blood and even increase strength. They can help cure viral infections like mumps or measles and can be used in mouthwashes as well, in order to keep away bad breath and eliminate oral infections. German chamomile oil is a vasodilator, so it reduces blood pressure by relaxing the constriction of vessels, thereby protecting heart health and reducing the chances of developing conditions like atherosclerosis.
Word of Caution: There are no specific risks of using either of the oils that have been discussed, except that it should be avoided if someone has a direct allergy to chamomile or to any other members of the ragweed family, to which it belongs.
Cabbage: Early Jersey Wakefield (Heirloom) (Brassica oleracea var. capitata)
Cabbage: Late Flat Dutch (Heirloom) (Brassica oleracea var. capitata)
Cabbage: Red Acre (Heirloom) (Brassica oleracea var. capitata)
Cabbage is considered one of the oldest cultivated vegetables, since historians trace it back to 4,000 BC in China. The Romans also cultivated it and praised it for its healing qualities; philosophers Pythagoras and Cato both made the lowly cabbage the subject of a book. Jacques Cartier brought the first cabbage to America in 1536. Cabbages were quite popular in colonial America, being pickled and preserved in every possible way to provide food for the winter.